AproMUN 2019 Committees
The Security Council is the United Nations' most powerful body, with its primary responsibility being the maintenance of international peace and security.
The Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression. Five powerful countries sit as "permanent members", called the P5, along with ten elected members with two-year terms. The P5 countries, being United States of America, Russia, China, France and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, are the only countries that have the power to veto a resolution.
Since 1990, the Council has dramatically increased its activity and it now meets in nearly continuous session. It dispatches military operations, imposes sanctions, mandates arms inspections, deploys election monitors and more.
The objective of the Council is to resolve international conflicts, maintain peace as well as to determine when and where a UN peace operation should be deployed.
The Historical Security Council recreates the Security Council during a certain time period.
Its powers are the same as the regular Security Council’s, for example the establishment of peacekeeping operations, the establishment of international sanctions, and the authorization of military action through Security Council resolutions.
That being said, the historical aspect of the committee, in terms of the rules of procedure, country policies and disputes, adds another interesting element to the debate. The opportunity to represent an ancient city state, imperium or the World’s Superpowers at their peak, makes it an objective simulation of the most important moments in the history of the UN, shoe banging included!
The League of Nations was international body functioning from 1920 to 1946. It was the actual predecessor of the United Nations whose focuses were maintaining peace after the Great War by means of arbitration, disarmament and collective security.
At its peak, the League of Nations had 58 members. From the jungles of Colombia, through the coasts of Memel, from the mountain peaks of Abyssinian to the wild plains of Manchuria, the League of Nations was an active participant in settling disputes and violations of international law.
Besides armed conflicts, LoN has also focused on labour conditions, rights of indigenous people and national minorities across the globe.
The United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is one of the six principal organs of the UN.
This council plays a key role in formulating policy recommendations and fostering international cooperation in three areas - economic, social and environmental. It serves as a unifying platform for action on the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
The Disarmament And International Security committee deals with disarmament, global security and threats to peace that could have an influence upon the international community and aims to explore and find solutions to the challenges it faces.
The committee considers all disarmament and international security matters that are within the scope of the Charter or relating to the powers and functions of any other organ of the United Nations.
Its general principles are those of cooperation in the maintenance of international peace and security, as well as principles governing disarmament and the regulation of armaments; promotion of cooperative arrangements and measures aimed at strengthening stability through lower levels of armaments.
The World Health Organization (WHO) tackles international threats to public health, trying to achieve a world that is healthier and better prepared to deal with outbreaks, epidemics and civilizational diseases.
The WHO, a subsidiary organization of ECOSOC doesn’t only adress diseases directly, it also works to improve international cooperation in dealing with threats, as well as cooperation in research and prevention.
It has an important role in the fight against pandemic diseases, such as Ebola or AIDS, but also in the more general achivement of SDGs concerning health and medical facility access.
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is an agency of the United Nations that coordinates the organization's environmental activities and assists developing countries in implementing environmentally sound policies and practices.
UNEP's activities cover a wide range of issues regarding the atmosphere, marine and terrestrial ecosystems, environmental governance, and green economy. It has played a significant role in developing international environmental conventions, promoting environmental science and information as well as illustrating the way those can be implemented in conjunction with the national policy of the countries, regional institutions and environmental non-governmental organizations (NGOs).
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